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Dandelion (Taraxacum) discovered by Marcel Roy (#564)
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Observed: June 5, 2011 @ 11:00 AM
Posted on: June 5, 2011 @ 12:04 PM (diff: 0 days)
DANDELION - Stems & Roots: Leaves in a basal rosette on a thick, deeply penetrating taproot, elongated, deeply and irregularly lobed along each side or sometimes just shallowly toothed, the amount and shape of lobing or toothing being extremely variable from one plant to another.
Flowers & Fruit: Flower heads showy, bright yellow, 3.2-5cm (1¼-2in.) across, borne singly on long, smooth, leafless, unbranched, hollow stalks which arise from among the rosette leaves; only ray (strap-shaped) florets present; outer row of involucral bracts short and spreading or bent down; seed heads white, more or less spherical, 3.5-5cm (1½-2in.) across; seeds long, slender with a slender beak tipped with a tuft of white hair (pappus or "parachute"); whole plant with sticky white juice. Flowers from early spring to late autumn.
Habitat: Dandelion occurs throughout Newfoundland in virtually every kind of habitat, from openings in deep woods to cultivated fields, from rocky hillsides to fertile gardens, and lawns.
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